The Palace of Culture – TARGU MURES
The Palace of Culture – at the initiative of Mayor Dr. Bernady Gyorgy, between years 1911 – 1913, was built in Targu Mures one of the most representative buildings of Transylvanian Secession style. Built by the Lechner school method, in accordance with the project of architects Komor Marcell and Jakab Dezso, the palace impresses both through its exterior and interior ornamentation.
From the harmony of the ensemble visibly highlights the roof made of majolica of Zsolna, the monumental mosaic, made in accordance with the as plans of painter Korosfoi-Kriesch Aladar, the bas-reliefs made by master Kallos Ede, which dominate the frontispiece, the interior frescoes of the same artist who made the mosaic and the stained glass of masters Nagy Sandor and Thoroczkai-Wigand Ede, made by Roth Miksa.
Interior decorations are made of valuable authentic materials: the spectacular indoor hall – 45 m long – made of Carrara marble and is bordered by two Venetian mirrors. Worth to mention the two mythological frescoes that dominates the lobby.
The large room from the ground floor, designed as a concert hall, was equipped with an organ made of Rieger brothers from Jagerndorf in 1914, which was one of the most advanced at that time and had 4463 tubes and 63 registers, currently in good running conditions.
From the lobby, two monumental staircases of Carrara marble lead to the upper levels. The stained-glass from the staircase house, depicting personalities of the contemporary cultural and public life, were made by the well-known craftsman, Roth Miksa, in his workshop. The small hall is also a concert hall, but also suitable for conferences, literary soirees, and other cultural activities, having multipurpose character.
Mirrors Hall is a true “pearl” of the palace, taking the name from the triptych of Venetian mirrors, which delineates it. Designed as a reception room and equipped with appropriate furniture, the room is decorated with mural paintings and a total of six stained-glass inspired by Szekler folklore and legends.
The Palace of Culture currently houses several cultural institutions, such as the District Library, State Philharmonic, Art Galleries, Art Museum, permanent exhibition of the Museum of History.